Located along the road that from Lucca leads to Castelnuovo di Garfagnana, just over 50 km from the Villa, Gallicano is an attractive town that still preserves traits of a medieval village including the city walls, of which you can still see the remains. Its origins are still shrouded in mystery though the first mention of the town is in a document dating back to 770. On the basis of various findings, it is said to be among the oldest towns in the Serchio Valley. Gallicano is divided in two parts that correspond to the two eras in which it was constructed: the older part, dating back to Medieval times, was erected within the central part while the second part covers the whole of the town and dates back to the Renaissance period.
The monument that symbolizes Gallicano is the Castle, which was probably built with the first feudal settlement, although there may have been a previous Roman fortification, given the presence of the Via Clodia Nova. As you walk along the streets you can see several religious buildings, the most notable being: the Pieve di S.Jacopo, located at the highest part of the village, where you can find a remarkable terracotta sculpture encased in glass depicting a Madonna with Child and the Saints hailing from the Della Robbia workshop;